Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) stimulates the proliferation and restricted differentiation of hematopoietic progenitors into neutrophils. To clarify the effects of G-CSF on hematopoietic progenitors, we generated transgenic (Tg) mice that had ubiquitous expression of the human G-CSF receptor (hG-CSFR). In clonal cultures of bone marrow and spleen cells obtained from these mice, hG-CSF supported the growth of myelocytic as well as megakaryocytic, mast cell, mixed, and blast cell colonies. Single-cell cultures of lineage-negative (Lin-)c-Kit+Sca-1+ or Sca-1- cells obtained from the Tg mice confirmed the direct effects of hG- CSF on the proliferation and differentiation of various progenitors. hG-CSF also had stimulatory effects on the formation of blast cell colonies in cultures using 5-fluorouracil-resistant hematopoietic progenitors and clone- sorted Lin-c-Kit+Sca-1+ primitive hematopoietic cells. These colonies contained different progenitors in proportions similar to those obtained when mouse interleukin-3 was used in place of hG-CSF. Administration of hG-CSF to Tg mice led to significant increases in spleen colony-forming and mixed/blast cell colony-forming cells in bone marrow and spleen, but did not alter the proportion of myeloid progenitors in total clonogenic cells. These results show that, when functional G-CSFR is present on the cell surface, hG-CSF stimulates the development of primitive multipotential progenitors both in vitro and in vivo, but does not induce exclusive commitment to the myeloid lineage.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology