Human colonic adenocarcinoma cells - I. Establishment and description of a new line

Baldwin H. Tom, Lynne P. Rutzky, Milda M. Jakstys, Ryoichi Oyasu, Celia I. Kaye, Barry D. Kahan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

397 Scopus citations


A series of human colonic epithelial cell lines have been cultured from a single patient: LS-180 the original adenocarcinoma, LS-174T a trypsinized variant, and normal colonic tissue. The malignant cells, 20 to 40 μm in diameter and oval to polygonal, exhibited characteristics of normal colonic mucosal cells, namely, abundant microvilli prominent in secretory cells, and the presence of intracytoplasmic mucin vacuoles. The cultured adenocarcinoma cells, but not normal, demonstrated neoplastic properties by producing high levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) and by the ability to be propagated in hamster cheek pouches and in immunodeprived mice. The CEA production by the newly established line LS-180 released 900 times more CEA per cell into the culture medium and bore 30 times more cell-associated material than the established line, HT-29. These cell lines may permit detection of distinctive chemical, physiological, pharmacologic, and immunologic characteristics of neoplastic colonic cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)180-191
Number of pages12
JournalIn Vitro
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1976
Externally publishedYes


  • carcinoembryonic antigen
  • colon cell line
  • human cancer
  • light and electron microscopy
  • morphology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology
  • Developmental Biology


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