Hospital anxiety and depression scale assessment of 100 patients before and after using low vision care: A prospective study in a tertiary eye-care setting

Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Aditya Maitray, Ashutosh Agarwal, Sridevi Nair, Sarika Gopalakrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Assessment of anxiety and depression in patients attending low vision care (LVC) using Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Methods: In this prospective, observational study, 100 patients with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) worse than 6/18 in the better eye or limitation of field of vision to <10° from center of fixation were assessed on the depression and anxiety subscales of HADS questionnaire before and after LVC. HADS is a 14-item scale with seven items each for anxiety and depression subscales. Scoring for each item ranges from zero to three. A subscale score >8 denotes anxiety or depression. Results: Mean age at presentation was 38.2 years. Mean duration of symptoms was 9.6 years. Underlying etiology of visual impairment included retinal dystrophy/degeneration (n = 35), disorders of the optic nerve (n = 17), glaucoma (n = 10), diabetic retinopathy (n = 9), age-related macular degeneration (n = 5), uncorrected refractive errors (n = 5), and miscellaneous diseases (n = 19). Mean presenting BCVA in the better eye was 0.83 (±0.64) which improved significantly to 0.78 (±0.63) after LVC (P < 0.001). The HADS-Depression subscale score was comparable for severity of visual impairment for both distance (P = 0.57) and near vision (P = 0.61). Similarly, HADS-Anxiety scores were also comparable for severity of distance (P = 0.34) and near-visual impairment (NVI; P = 0.50). At baseline, mean HADS-Depression and HADS-Anxiety scores were 8.4 (±3.7) and 9.6 (±4.3) points, which improved significantly to 6.0 (±3.4) and 6.7 (±3.7), respectively, after low-vision correction (P < 0.001). Conclusion: Low vision correction can significantly improve anxiety and depression indicators in visually impaired patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1203-1208
Number of pages6
JournalIndian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume65
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • depression
  • eye
  • hospital anxiety and depression scale
  • low vision care
  • low vision devices
  • visual impairment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

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