Hormonally regulated proteins in cultured human fetal lung: Analysis by two-dimensional gel electrophoresis

M. W. Odom, R. Ertsey, P. L. Ballard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We used high-resolution two-dimensional polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (2-D PAGE) to identify hormonally regulated proteins in cultured human fetal lung. Proteins labeled with [35S]methionine were separated by 2-D PAGE, and fluorograms were analyzed by computer-assisted analysis of densitometric scans. Dexamethasone (10 nM) and γ-interferon (10 ng/ml) induced (2- to 22-fold vs. control) distinct sets of proteins (comprising ~ 2% of ~ 1,000 resolved proteins). Treatment with forskolin (10 μM) plus 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX, 100 μM), which increases intracellular adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cAMP), induced both unique proteins and several proteins induced by dexamethasone. One protein (M(r) 40,000, pI 4.4) was induced only with combined dexamethasone and cAMP treatment. Dexamethasone repressed four proteins, but inhibition was not observed with other hormones. Some of the regulated proteins were enriched in either fibroblasts or type II cells isolated from lung explants. We found no proteins that were consistently regulated by triiodothyronine (T3) (2 nM) or transforming growth factor-β (10 ng/ml). Additionally, none of the hormonal treatments substantially altered the rate of methionine incorporation into total protein. Thus we have identified separate subsets of proteins that are regulated by glucocorticoids, γ-interferon, and cAMP; these proteins may be important mediators of hormonal effects in the developing fetal lung.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L283-L293
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume259
Issue number4 3-2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate
  • dexamethasone
  • protein induction
  • surfactant-associated proteins
  • type II cells
  • γ-interferon

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Cell Biology

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