HIV-Seropositive Parents: Parental Role Strain and Depressive Symptoms

Shirley J. Semple, Thomas L. Patterson, William S. Shaw, Kristy Straits-Tröster, J. Hampton Atkinson, Igor Grant, Mark D. Kelly, J. Allen McCutchan, Stephen A. Spector, Robert K. Heaton, John Hesselink, Terry Jernigan, Eliezer Masliah, Ian Abramson, Renée Dupont, Thomas Patterson, Sidney Zisook, Dilip Jeste, Hans Sieburg, James D. Weinrich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


There is a paucity of studies that examine the impact of parenting strain on the mental health of HIV positive parents. This study compared HIV+ mothers and fathers on five dimensions of parenting strain, and examined sex differences in the effects of parenting strains on depressive symptoms. HIV+ mothers reported significantly more emotional/behavioral problems of children, more child physical health problems, and more child-related financial strain as compared to HIV+ fathers. The groups did not differ on mean levels of intrapsychic strain or interpersonal strain related to children. Increased parental role strain was associated with increased depressive symptoms, irrespective of the sex of the parent. Future research should assess the extent to which these findings are attributable to HIV serostatus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-224
Number of pages12
JournalAIDS and Behavior
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1997


  • Children
  • Ethnicity
  • HIV
  • Parenting strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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