There is a paucity of studies that examine the impact of parenting strain on the mental health of HIV positive parents. This study compared HIV+ mothers and fathers on five dimensions of parenting strain, and examined sex differences in the effects of parenting strains on depressive symptoms. HIV+ mothers reported significantly more emotional/behavioral problems of children, more child physical health problems, and more child-related financial strain as compared to HIV+ fathers. The groups did not differ on mean levels of intrapsychic strain or interpersonal strain related to children. Increased parental role strain was associated with increased depressive symptoms, irrespective of the sex of the parent. Future research should assess the extent to which these findings are attributable to HIV serostatus.
- Parenting strain
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Social Psychology
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases