Aim: To present the essential elements of an infection control/exposure control plan in the oral healthcare setting with emphasis on HIV infection. Methods and Materials: A comprehensive review of the literature was conducted with special emphasis on HIV-related infection control issues in the oral healthcare setting. Results: Currently available knowledge related to HIV-related infection control issues is supported by data derived from well-conducted trials or extensive, controlled observations, or, in the absence of such data, by best-informed, most authoritative opinion available. Conclusion: Essential elements of an effective HIV-related infection control plan include: (1) education and training related to the etiology and epidemiology of HIV infection and exposure prevention; (2) plans for the management of oral healthcare personnel potentially exposed to HIV and for the follow-up of oral healthcare personnel exposed to HIV; and (3) a policy for work restriction of HIV-positive oral healthcare personnel. Clinical Significance: While exposure prevention remains the primary strategy for reducing occupational exposure to HIV, knowledge about potential risks and concise written procedures that promote a seamless response following occupational exposure can greatly reduce the emotional impact of an accidental needlestick injury.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice|
|State||Published - Mar 1 2007|
- Exposure control
- HIV infection
- HIV prevention
ASJC Scopus subject areas