Histologic Evaluation of Acellular Dermal Matrix Allografts in Humans

Jessica L. Owens, Kitrina G. Cordell, Manrat Amornporncharoen, A. Archontia Palaiologou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Acellular dermal matrix (ADM) is a cell-free dermal matrix comprised of a structurally integrated basement membrane complex and extracellular matrix in which collagen bundles and elastic fibers are the main components. There are several commercially available ADM allografts that have different processing methods. This case series reports the histologic presentation of two of the most widely used ADM allografts, referred to as ADM-A and ADM-B, in patients that had specific situations involving reentry. CASE SERIES: Two patients referred to the Louisiana State University Department of Periodontics, New Orleans, Louisiana, with 1- to 3-mm recession of at least two non-contiguous sites needing soft tissue augmentation, were treated with appropriate mucogingival procedures using ADM-A or ADM-B. After ≈6 to 8 months of healing, and due to clinical findings that necessitated further periodontal procedures, small tissue biopsies were obtained and examined microscopically. CONCLUSIONS: All samples of ADM (A and B) analyzed after staining with hematoxylin and eosin had a generally similar appearance under light microscopic examination, which suggests they are both well incorporated into native tissues after 6 to 8 months of healing. When stained with Verhoeff-Van Gieson, all samples showed elastin fibers, a finding consistent with previously published light microscopic observations of ADM. There appeared to be a more densely packed elastin pattern in the deep base of ADM-A compared with ADM-B. This might be an indication these two materials have a different healing pathway when used to augment the oral mucosa.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-127
Number of pages6
JournalClinical advances in periodontics
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Acellular dermis
  • allografts
  • connective tissue
  • elastin
  • gingival recession
  • mouth mucosa

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