Hippocampal perineuronal nets are required for the sustained antidepressant effect of ketamine

Jennifer J. Donegan, Daniel J. Lodge

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Background: N-methyl-D-Aspartate receptor antagonists, like ketamine, produce a rapid-Acting and long-lasting antidepressant effect. Although the mechanism is not completely understood, ketamine is thought to preferentially target N-methyl- D-Aspartate receptors on fast-spiking parvalbumin-containing interneurons. The function of parvalbumin-containing interneurons is dependent on perineuronal nets, a specialized form of extracellular matrix that surrounds these cells. Methods: Chondroitinase was used to enzymatically degrade perineuronal nets surrounding parvalbumin-containing interneurons in the ventral hippocampus, a region that is involved in the antidepressant response to ketamine. Rats were tested on the forced swim test 30 minutes and 1 week after ketamine administration. Results: Thirty minutes after ketamine injection, both chondroitinase-Treated and control animals had a decrease in immobility. One week later, however, the antidepressant-like response observed with ketamine was completely abolished in the chondroitinase-Treated animals. Conclusion: This suggests that parvalbumin interneuron function in the ventral hippocampus is essential for the sustained antidepressant effect of ketamine.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)354-358
Number of pages5
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2017


  • Ketamine
  • Perineuronal nets
  • Ventral hippocampus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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