Desmoid tumors are a manifestation of familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP), associated with mutation of the APC gene. Although considered benign tumors, desmoids can be aggressive and cause considerable morbidity. Known risk factors for desmoid tumor growth include location of mutations within the APC gene, family history of desmoid tumors, previous surgery, female gender, and pregnancy. Desmoids occur at diverse sites, commonly within the abdomen or at sites of previous surgery; thoracic desmoids are relatively uncommon. Reported here is a highly desmoid tumor-prone FAP family with a truncating mutation in the APC gene at codon 1550 (c.4648G>T) in which female siblings developed remarkably similar thoracic desmoids with highly aggressive tumor behavior during the onset of puberty, throughout adolescence, and in one sibling during and following pregnancy. Both siblings had a fatal outcome. This case underscores the potential for aggressive behavior of desmoids during adolescence and the need for close vigilance during the adolescent and young adult (AYA) age range in desmoid-prone FAP kindreds.
- Familial adenomatous polyposis
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research