High-sensitivity troponin I levels and coronary artery disease severity, progression, and long-term outcomes

Ayman Samman Tahhan, Pratik Sandesara, Salim S. Hayek, Muhammad Hammadah, Ayman Alkhoder, Heval M. Kelli, Matthew Topel, Wesley T. O'Neal, Nima Ghasemzadeh, Yi An Ko, Mohamad Mazen Gafeer, Naser Abdelhadi, Fahad Choudhary, Keyur Patel, Agim Beshiri, Gillian Murtagh, Jonathan Kim, Peter Wilson, Leslee Shaw, Viola VaccarinoStephen E. Epstein, Laurence Sperling, Arshed A. Quyyumi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background--The associations between high-sensitivity troponin I (hsTnI) levels and coronary artery disease (CAD) severity and progression remain unclear. We investigated whether there is an association between hsTnI and angiographic severity and progression of CAD and whether the predictive value of hsTnI level for incident cardiovascular outcomes is independent of CAD severity. Methods and Results--In 3087 patients (aged 63±12 years, 64% men) undergoing cardiac catheterization without evidence of acute myocardial infarction, the severity of CAD was calculated by the number of major coronary arteries with ≥50% stenosis and the Gensini score. CAD progression was assessed in a subset of 717 patients who had undergone ≥2 coronary angiograms > 3 months before enrollment. Patients were followed up for incident all-cause mortality and incident cardiovascular events. Of the total population, 11% had normal angiograms, 23% had nonobstructive CAD, 20% had 1-vessel CAD, 20% had 2-vessel CAD, and 26% had 3-vessel CAD. After adjusting for age, sex, race, body mass index, smoking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus history, and renal function, hsTnI levels were independently associated with the severity of CAD measured by the Gensini score (log 2 β=0.31; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.44; P < 0.001) and with CAD progression (log 2 β=0.36; 95% confidence interval, 0.14-0.58; P=0.001). hsTnI level was also a significant predictor of incident death, cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, revascularization, and cardiac hospitalizations, independent of the aforementioned covariates and CAD severity. Conclusions--Higher hsTnI levels are associated with the underlying burden of coronary atherosclerosis, more rapid progression of CAD, and higher risk of all-cause mortality and incident cardiovascular events. Whether more aggressive treatment aimed at reducing hsTnI levels can modulate disease progression requires further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere007914
JournalJournal of the American Heart Association
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 6 2018
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Coronary angiography
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Troponin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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