High psychiatric symptom severity is a moderator of substance abuse treatment outcomes among women in single vs. mixed gender group treatment

Shelly F. Greenfield, Jennifer Sharpe Potter, Melissa F. Lincoln, Rebecca E. Popuch, Laura Kuper, Robert J. Gallop

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Scopus citations


Objective: This exploratory study examined psychiatric symptom severity as a moderator of outcomes among women receiving either the Women's Recovery Group (WRG), a new manualized group treatment for substance use disorders combining single-gender group composition and women-focused content, or Group Drug Counseling (GDC), an empirically supported mixed-gender group treatment. Methods: We used a mixed model analysis of variance. Results: We found a significant 3-way interaction effect of treatment condition, time, and baseline Brief Symptom Inventory scores as well as Beck Depression Inventory scores. Conclusion: Single-gender group treatment may confer added benefit for women with substance abuse and high psychiatric symptom severity than mixed-gender treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)594-602
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Issue number5
StatePublished - Sep 1 2008
Externally publishedYes



  • Alcohol rehabilitation
  • Drug rehabilitation
  • Human females
  • Major depression
  • Psychiatric symptoms
  • Treatment outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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