High priority for hepatitis C screening in safety net hospitals: Results from a prospective cohort of 4582 hospitalized baby boomers

Barbara J. Turner, Barbara S. Taylor, Joshua Hanson, Yuanyuan Liang, Poornachand Veerapaneni, Roberto Villarreal, Mary Perez, Ludivina Hernandez, Jasdeep Sandhu, Kristin Fiebelkorn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

Low-income populations are disproportionately affected by hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Thus, implementing baby boomer screening (born 1945-1965) for HCV may be a high priority for safety net hospitals. We report the prevalence and predictors of HCV infection and advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis based on the Fibrosis-4 score plus imaging for a baby boomer cohort admitted to a safety net hospital over a 21-month interval with >9 months of follow-up. Anti-HCV antibody testing was performed for 4582, or 90%, of all never-screened patients, of whom 312 (6.7%) tested positive. Adjusted odds ratios of testing anti-HCV-positive were 2.66 for men versus women (P<0.001), 1.25 for uninsured versus insured (P=0.06), 0.70 for Hispanics versus non-Hispanic whites (P=0.005), and 0.93 per year of age (P<0.001). Among 287 patients tested for HCV RNA (91% of all anti-HCV-positive cases), 175 (61%) were viremic (3.8% overall prevalence in cohort), which was 5% less likely per year of age (P<0.03). Noninvasive staging of 148 (84.6%) chronic HCV patients identified advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis in 50 (33.8%), with higher adjusted odds ratios of 3.21 for Hispanics versus non-Hispanic whites/Asians (P = 0.02) and 1.18 per year of age (P = 0.001). Other factors associated with significantly higher adjusted odds ratios of advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis were alcohol abuse/dependence, obesity, and being uninsured. Conclusion: In this low-income, hospitalized cohort, 4% of 4582 screened baby boomers were diagnosed with chronic HCV, nearly twice the rate in the community; one-third had noninvasive testing that indicated advanced fibrosis or cirrhosis, which was significantly more likely for Hispanics, those of older age, those with obesity, those with alcohol abuse/dependence, and those who lacked insurance. (Hepatology 2015;62:1388-1395)

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1388-1395
Number of pages8
JournalHepatology
Volume62
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'High priority for hepatitis C screening in safety net hospitals: Results from a prospective cohort of 4582 hospitalized baby boomers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this