High glucose-induced IKK-Hsp-90 interaction contributes to endothelial dysfunction

Sumathy Mohan, Ryszard Konopinski, Bo Yan, Victoria E. Centonze, Mohan Natarajan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Scopus citations


A decline in the bioavailability of nitric oxide (NO) that causes endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of diabetes. The availability of NO to the vasculature is regulated by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) activity and the involvement of heat shock protein-90 (Hsp-90) in the regulation of eNOS activity has been demonstrated. Hsp-90 has been shown to interact with upstream kinases [inhibitor κB kinases (IKK)α, β, and γ] in nonvascular cells. In this study, we have investigated the interaction of Hsp-90-IKKβ in endothelial cells under conditions of high glucose (HG) as a possible mechanism that diminishes Hsp-90-eNOS interaction, which could contribute to reduced bioavailability of NO. We report for the first time that IKKβ interacts with Hsp-90, and this interaction is augmented by HG in vascular endothelial cells. HG also augments transcriptional (3.5 ± 0.65-fold) and translational (1.97 ± 0.17-fold) expression as well as the catalytic activity of IKKβ (2.45 ± 0.4-fold). Both IKKβ and eNOS could be coimmunoprecipitated with Hsp-90. Inhibition of Hsp-90 with geldanamycin (2 μ-M) or Radicicol (20 μ-M) mitigated (0.45 ± 0.04-fold and 0.93 ± 0.16-fold, respectively) HG induced-IKKβ activity (2.5 ± 0.42-fold). Blocking of IKKβ expression by IKK inhibitor II (15 μ-M wedelolactone) or small interferring RNA (siRNA) improved Hsp-90-eNOS interaction and NO production under conditions of HG. These results illuminate a possible mechanism for the declining eNOS activity reported under conditions of HG.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)C182-C192
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Cell Physiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009


  • Diabetes
  • Endothelial nitric oxide synthase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cell Biology


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