High-fat diet increases and the polyphenol, s17834, decreases acetylation of the sirtuin-1-dependent lysine-382 on p53 and apoptotic signaling in atherosclerotic lesion-prone aortic endothelium of normal mice

Shanqin Xu, Bingbing Jiang, Xiuyun Hou, Chaomei Shi, Markus M. Bachschmid, Mengwei Zang, Tony J. Verbeuren, Richard A. Cohen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our purpose was to determine if high-fat diet and treatment with a polyphenol regulate the acetylation of lysine-382 of p53, the site regulated by sirtuin-1, and apoptosis in the endothelium of the atherosclerotic lesion-prone mouse aortic arch. In cultured endothelial cells, 2 atherogenic stimuli, hydrogen peroxide and tumor necrosis factor-α, increased the acetylation of p53 lysine-382, and caspase-3 cleavage, an indicator of apoptotic signaling. The polyphenol, S17834, significantly prevented these changes. In low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice, a high-fat diet increased, and treatment with S17834 attenuated early atherosclerotic lesions on the lesser curvature of the aortic arch. In wild-type C57BL6 mice fed the same diet, no atherosclerotic lesions were observed in this lesion-prone area, but p53 acetylation and caspase-3 cleavage increased in the endothelium. In high-fat fed mice, S17834 increased sirtuin-1 protein in the lesion-prone endothelium and prevented both the increase in p53 acetylation and caspase-3 cleavage without affecting blood lipids. These results indicate that high-fat diet increases and S17834 decreases the acetylation of p53 in lesion-prone aortic endothelial cells of normal mice independently of blood lipids, suggesting that the polyphenol may regulate endothelial cell p53 acetylation and apoptosis via local actions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)263-271
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Volume58
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • acetylation
  • apoptosis
  • atherogenesis
  • caspase-3
  • endothelium
  • high-fat diet
  • p53
  • polyphenol
  • sirtuin-1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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