Our purpose was to determine if high-fat diet and treatment with a polyphenol regulate the acetylation of lysine-382 of p53, the site regulated by sirtuin-1, and apoptosis in the endothelium of the atherosclerotic lesion-prone mouse aortic arch. In cultured endothelial cells, 2 atherogenic stimuli, hydrogen peroxide and tumor necrosis factor-α, increased the acetylation of p53 lysine-382, and caspase-3 cleavage, an indicator of apoptotic signaling. The polyphenol, S17834, significantly prevented these changes. In low-density lipoprotein receptor-deficient mice, a high-fat diet increased, and treatment with S17834 attenuated early atherosclerotic lesions on the lesser curvature of the aortic arch. In wild-type C57BL6 mice fed the same diet, no atherosclerotic lesions were observed in this lesion-prone area, but p53 acetylation and caspase-3 cleavage increased in the endothelium. In high-fat fed mice, S17834 increased sirtuin-1 protein in the lesion-prone endothelium and prevented both the increase in p53 acetylation and caspase-3 cleavage without affecting blood lipids. These results indicate that high-fat diet increases and S17834 decreases the acetylation of p53 in lesion-prone aortic endothelial cells of normal mice independently of blood lipids, suggesting that the polyphenol may regulate endothelial cell p53 acetylation and apoptosis via local actions.
- high-fat diet
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine