Heterogeneity of protein kinase C in cultured rat mesangial cells

Jean Paul Oudinet, Denis Feliers, Miroslava Pavlovic-Hournac

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Two forms of protein kinase C (PKC) activity in cytosol of cultured rat mesangial cells have been characterized in vitro by using histone H1 or endogenous proteins as substrates. Histones H1-phosphorylation was significantly increased only when calcium, phosphatidylserine (PS) and 1,2-diacylglycerol (DAG) or phorbol myristate acetate (PMA) were present together in the incubation medium. EGTA, a calcium chelator, completely inhibited this activity. Upon hydroxyapatite chromatography (HPLC), the PKC activity was eluted as a main peak at 150 mM potassium phosphate with a shoulder at 180 mM. Both peaks corresponded to the type III PKC from rat brain and were identified as PKC α isoform by immunoblot analysis. In contrast with what was observed using histone H1, the increased phosphorylation of endogenous proteins in the presence of a mixture of Ca2+/PS, plus either DAG or PMA, was only partly reduced by EGTA. Moreover, the level of the PKC activity detected in the presence of EGTA was comparable to the level of kinase activity, measured in the presence of PS alone or associated with DAG or PMA. This suggests that mesangial cells contain PKC activity which does not absolutely require calcium. Polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis revealed that patterns of phosphorylated mesangial cell proteins are different depending on whether calcium was added or not. In the presence of calcium, PKC strongly phosphorylated the proteins of 53,000 molecular weight, a doublet of 37,000-39,000, the 24,000 and the triplet of 17,000-20,000-22,000 molecular weight. The additional of EGTA to the assays suppressed completely the labelling of most proteins; only the 20,000 molecular weight protein remained strongly labelled, while the 39,000 molecular weight band was only faintly visible. The same patterns of phosphorylations were obtained after omission of calcium in the assays containing only PS and DAG (or PMA). So, the main substrates of calcium-dependent PKC are proteins of 53,000, 39,000, 37,000, 22,000, 24,000 and 17,000 molecular weight while the protein of 20,000 moeecular weight appears to be the main substrate of calcium-independent PKC. The existence in mesangial cells of at least two forms of PKC, which phosphorylate specific endogenous proteins, emphasizes the complexity of the phospholipid-dependent regulatory cascade and raises the possibility that actions of different regulators may be transduced through distinct PKC isozymes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)179-188
Number of pages10
JournalCellular Signalling
Volume4
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1992

Keywords

  • Mesangial cells
  • phorbol ester
  • protein kinase C isozymes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology

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