Background: Local delivery of pharmacologic agents or genes at the site of angioplasty is a promising approach to reduce restenosis. However, there are unresolved questions concerning the safety and feasibility of local vascular delivery in clinical practice as well as the efficacy of delivered drug. To this end, the safety, feasibility, and efficacy of local delivery of heparin were evaluated in the Heparin Infusion Prior to Stenting (HIPS) trial. Methods and Results: A total of 179 patients were enrolled in this multicenter, randomized, prospective, core laboratory-evaluated trial. Patients were randomly assigned to 5000 U heparin either administered to the coronary artery lumen or infused into the arterial wall immediately after angioplasty and before stent placement. End points included procedural events and clinical, angiographic, and intravascular ultrasound events at 6 months. Patient groups were evenly matched. There was no difference in the incidence of arterial injury, defined as an increase in arterial dissection, acute closure, or decrease in Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction grade blood flow in the group receiving local delivery. At follow-up there was no difference in the major adverse event rate between intraluminal (22.7%) and local groups (24.77%). There was no difference between intraluminal and local therapy in the angiographic in-stent restenosis rate (12.5%, 12.7%) or the in-stent volumetric analysis by intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) (37.19 ± 20.86 mm3 vs 43.79 ± 25.52 mm3). Conclusions: Local delivery of 5000 U heparin into the arterial wall before stent implantation is safe and feasible. There was not a favorable effect of locally delivered heparin on clinical, angiographic, or IVUS end points of restenosis. The use of IVUS to measure volume of intimal hyperplasia in a multicenter, core laboratory- controlled trial is feasible.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine