Human intestinal smooth muscle cells have recently been identified as the major cell type responsible for stricture formation in Crohn's disease. Heparin, a sulfated glycosaminoglycan, has been shown to be a key modulator of vascular smooth muscle cell growth both in vivo and in vitro. and to affect the release of proteins from these cells. Heparin has also been shown to affect the growth of human intestinal smooth muscle cells. In this report we demonstrate that heparin, in addition to its effects on proliferation, also has very specific effects on proteins released by these cells in vitro. Examination of the culture medium proteins of heparin-treated human intestinal cells revealed an increase in three proteins of molecular weight between 150-250 kd, an increase in a 37 kd protein and a decrease in synthesis of lower molecular weight (<20 kd) proteins. In substrate-attached material a transient effect on a 48 kd protein was observed. No effects on intracellular labeled proteins could be demonstrated. The 35S-methionine labeled protein profile of human intestinal smooth muscle cells exposed to heparin is similar to that observed in rat vascular smooth muscle cells yet distinct differences do exist. Extracellular processing does not account for the released proteins nor is de novo protein synthesis required suggesting that altered intracellular protein processing is the mechanism for the heparin-induced protein pattern. The release of specific proteins following exposure to heparin may reflect a significant influence of this glycosaminoglycan on the metabolism of smooth muscle cells in general and particularly in the human intestine.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Jan 30 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology