A 26-kDa outer membrane protein (Omp26) has been proposed to play a role in hemin acquisition by Porphyromonas gingivalis (T. E. Bramanti and S. C. Holt, J. Bacteriol. 174:5827-5839, 1992). We studied [55Fe]hemin uptake in P. gingivalis grown under conditions of hemin starvation (Omp26 expressed on the outer membrane surface) and hemin excess (Omp26 not expressed on surface). [55Fe]hemin uptake occurred rapidly in hemin-starved cells which incorporated up to 70% of total [55Fe]hemin within 3 min. P. gingivalis grown under hemin-starved conditions or treated with the iron chelator 2,2'- bipyridyl to induce an iron stress took up six times more [55Fe]hemin than hemin-excess-grown cells. Polyclonal monospecific anti-Omp26 antibody added to hemin-starved cells inhibited [55Fe]hemin uptake by more than 50%, whereas preimmune serum had no effect. [55Fe]hemin uptake in hemin-starved P. gingivalis was inhibited (36 to 67%) in the presence of equimolar amounts of unlabeled hemin, protoporphyrin IX, zinc protoporphyrin, and Congo red dye but was not inhibited in the presence of non-hemin-containing iron sources. Heat shock treatment (45°C) of hemin-excess-grown P. gingivalis (which causes translocation of Omp26 to the surface) increased [55Fe]hemin uptake by threefold after 3 min in comparison with cells grown at 37°C. However, no [55Fe]hemin uptake beyond 3 min was observed in either hemin-excess-grown or hemin-starved cells exposed to heat shock. In experiments using heterobifunctional cross-linker analysis, hemin and selected porphyrins were cross-linked to Omp26 in hemin-starved P. gingivalis, but no cross-linking was seen with hemin-excess-grown cells. However, cross-linking of hemin to Omp26 was observed after heat shock treatment of hemin-excess-grown cells. Finally, anti-Omp26 antibody inhibited cross-linking of hemin to Omp26. These findings indicate that hemin binding and transport into the P. gingivalis cell is mediated by Omp26.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology