Hematopoietic cytoplasmic adaptor protein Hem1 promotes osteoclast fusion and bone resorption in mice

Xiaoyan Wang, Lijian Shao, Kimberly K. Richardson, Wen Ling, Aaron Warren, Kimberly Krager, Nukhet Aykin-Burns, Robert Hromas, Daohong Zhou, Maria Almeida, Ha Neui Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hem1 (hematopoietic protein 1), a hematopoietic cell–specific member of the Hem family of cytoplasmic adaptor proteins, is essential for lymphopoiesis and innate immunity as well as for the transition of hematopoiesis from the fetal liver to the bone marrow. However, the role of Hem1 in bone cell differentiation and bone remodeling is unknown. Here, we show that deletion of Hem1 resulted in a markedly increase in bone mass because of defective bone resorption in mice of both sexes. Hem1-deficient osteoclast progenitors were able to differentiate into osteoclasts, but the osteoclasts exhibited impaired osteoclast fusion and decreased bone-resorption activity, potentially because of decreased mitogen-activated protein kinase and tyrosine kinase c-Abl activity. Transplantation of bone marrow hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells from wildtype into Hem1 knockout mice increased bone resorption and normalized bone mass. These findings indicate that Hem1 plays a pivotal role in the maintenance of normal bone mass.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102841
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • Hem1
  • bone formation
  • bone resorption
  • fusion
  • hematopoiesis
  • osteoblasts
  • osteoclasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


Dive into the research topics of 'Hematopoietic cytoplasmic adaptor protein Hem1 promotes osteoclast fusion and bone resorption in mice'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this