Heat and acute dehydration effects on acceleration response in man

S. A. Nunneley, R. F. Stribley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Though heat and dehydration each impair acceleration tolerance, interactions among these stresses have not previously been studied. 7 men were dehydrated in heat by 0, 1, and 3% of body weight before a series of20°C. Heat alone raised heart rate by 6.5 beats/min independent of other stresses. Dehydration and acceleration appeared to act synergistically in raising HR. Heat lowered relaxed G tolerance by 0.3 G; dehydration tended to lower G tolerance and increased the variability of response to heat. A high-tolerance subgroup (n = 4) could normally sustain +7 G(z) for 60 s with anti-G suit and straining, but 3% dehydration reduced mean time to 35 s. Dehydration was associated with a decrease in the loss of plasma volume at 7 G. Heat-induced tolerance loss appears similar for both gradual- and rapid-onset centrifuge profiles. In contrast, dehydration effects are greater in rapid-onset runs, evidence that normal anti-G protective mechanisms can partly counteract the effect of fluid deficit. The results are relevant for crew members of high-performance aircraft, where unexpected diminution of their normally high G tolerance can have disastrous consequences.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)197-200
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Applied Physiology Respiratory Environmental and Exercise Physiology
Volume47
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1979
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Endocrinology

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