Hearing conservation in industry

Robert A Dobie

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Noise-induced hearing loss is a major and entirely preventable public health problem. Effective prevention of this disorder has yet to be achieved in the United States but would improve the overall hearing health of the population more than the treatment of all other otologic disorders combined. Losses that are mild to moderately severe and maximal at 3, 4 or 6 kHz are typical but not pathognomonic. Individual differences in susceptibility are substantial but unpredictable. Hearing conservation programs are now required by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration for almost all employees whose daily exposure to noise exceeds a time-weighted average of 85 dBA (A-weighted sound pressure level). The permitted exposure level is 90 dBA time-weighted average, above which engineering or administrative controls or hearing protectors are required. Workers with lesser exposure (85 to 90 dBA time-weighted average) who have hearing changes must be similarly protected. Many, but not all, elements of required hearing conservation programs have been specified recently by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. Medical supervision and otologic referral are important components of hearing conservation programs because otologic problems other than noise-induced hearing loss are common in industrial populations. Compensation for noise-induced hearing loss, which is awarded through state workers' compensation boards, as well as certain federal sources, varies widely.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)499-505
Number of pages7
JournalWestern Journal of Medicine
Volume137
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hearing
Industry
Noise-Induced Hearing Loss
United States Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Workers' Compensation
Individuality
Population
Noise
Referral and Consultation
Public Health
Pressure
Health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Dobie, R. A. (1982). Hearing conservation in industry. Western Journal of Medicine, 137(6), 499-505.

Hearing conservation in industry. / Dobie, Robert A.

In: Western Journal of Medicine, Vol. 137, No. 6, 1982, p. 499-505.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Dobie, RA 1982, 'Hearing conservation in industry', Western Journal of Medicine, vol. 137, no. 6, pp. 499-505.
Dobie, Robert A. / Hearing conservation in industry. In: Western Journal of Medicine. 1982 ; Vol. 137, No. 6. pp. 499-505.
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