Healthcare professionals' perceptions of the barriers to living donor kidney transplantation among African Americans

Lilless M. Shilling, Michele L. Norman, Kenneth D. Chavin, Laura G. Hildebrand, Shayna L. Lunsford, Margaret S. Martin, Jennifer E. Milton, Gilbert R. Smalls, Prabhakar K. Baliga

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Scopus citations

Abstract

The number of African Americans participating in living donations continues to remain low. Although researchers have identified multiple barriers to cadaveric donation, relatively little is known about barriers to living kidney donation among this population. We conducted three focus groups of healthcare professionals from a transplant center in South Carolina to determine their perceptions of barriers to living kidney donation among African Americans. An African-American and a Caucasian member of the project team facilitated the groups. Sessions were taped, transcribed and analyzed for key themes. Eighteen transplant professionals participated in the three focus groups, including physicians, transplant coordinators, pharmacists and a data coordinator. Analysis of the transcripts revealed the following perceived barriers to living kidney donation among African Americans: 1) pre-existing medical conditions, 2) financial concerns, 3) reluctance to ask family members and/or friends, 4) distrust of the medical community, 5) fear of surgery, and 6) lack of awareness about living donor kidney transplantation. In addition to previously described barriers to cadaveric donation, this study identified barriers unique to living donation, such as pre-existing medical conditions, financial concerns, reluctance to ask a living donor and fear of surgery.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-840
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the National Medical Association
Volume98
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • African Americans
  • Barriers
  • Focus groups
  • Kidney transplantation
  • Living donation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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