Health services and rehabilitation for active duty service members and veterans with mild TBI

Terri K. Pogoda, Charles E. Levy, Katherine Helmick, Mary Jo Pugh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations


Objective: We review health services and reintegration practices that contribute to the rehabilitation of US active duty service members (ADSMs) and Veterans who experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI), especially mild TBI (mTBI), as discussed at the 2015 Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) TBI State-of-the-Art (SOTA) Conference. Methodology: We reviewed the state-of-the-art at the time of the previous 2008 TBI SOTA Conference, advances in the field since then, and future directions to address gaps in knowledge. Main results: We reviewed: (1) mTBI and its comorbid conditions documented in ADSMs and Veterans, and recognized the need for additional healthcare utilization, health cost and quality of care studies; (2) VA vocational rehabilitation programmes and the effectiveness of supported employment for helping those with workplace difficulties; (3) the application of technology to assist in TBI rehabilitation, including mobile device applications for self-management, videoconferencing with providers, and virtual reality to help with behavioural and cognitive challenges, and (4) Department of Defense (DoD)-VA partnerships on identification, evaluation and dissemination of TBI best practices. Conclusions: There have been significant advances in TBI rehabilitation, but multiple areas across the DoD and VA care continuum need further exploration and development to meet the needs of ADSMs and Veterans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1220-1234
Number of pages15
JournalBrain Injury
Issue number9
StatePublished - Jul 29 2017


  • Assistive technology
  • cognition
  • rehabilitation
  • supported employment
  • system of care
  • traumatic brain injury

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Neurology


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