Health Burden and Service Utilization in Texas Medicaid Deliveries from the Prenatal Period to 1 Year Postpartum

Meliha Salahuddin, Krystin J. Matthews, Nagla Elerian, Patrick S. Ramsey, David L. Lakey, Divya A. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To describe health burden and health service utilization from the prenatal period to 1 year postpartum among women with births covered by Texas Medicaid, focusing on the major contributors to maternal mortality after 60 days postpartum in Texas. Methods: We analyzed diagnoses and health service utilization during the prenatal, early postpartum (5–60 days postpartum), and late postpartum (> 60 days to 1 year postpartum) periods, using administrative medical claims data for women ages 18–44 years with a Medicaid-paid delivery in 2017 residing in selected regions in Texas (n = 49,302). Results: Overall, 12.6% and 17.5% of women had diagnoses of cardiovascular/coronary conditions and substance use disorder, respectively. Mental health conditions affected 30% of women, with anxiety (47.1%) and depression (34.3%) accounting for the greatest proportion of diagnosed mental health conditions. The prevalence of these conditions was higher during the late (19.4%) versus early (9.9%) postpartum period. About 47.8% of women had other chronic health conditions, including obesity, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. Among women with the selected health conditions, utilization of any health services was higher during the prenatal period compared to early and late postpartum periods (e.g., any mental health service utilization: prenatal period (57.4%) versus early postpartum (26.9%) and late postpartum (25.5%) periods). However, among women with the selected health conditions, there was a high utilization of emergency room services during the late postpartum period [e.g., emergency room service utilization among those with mental health conditions: prenatal period (35.6%); postpartum period: early (5.5%) and late (30.1%)]. Conclusions for Practice: Increasing access to the full range of recommended services during the prenatal period through 1 year postpartum has potential to help improve vulnerable women’s birth outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1168-1179
Number of pages12
JournalMaternal and Child Health Journal
Volume26
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2022

Keywords

  • Health service utilization
  • Maternal morbidity
  • Maternal mortality
  • Medicaid
  • Public insurance programs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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