Blessen C. Eapen, Donald McGeary, Carlos A. Jaramillo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Headaches are a very common and potentially disabling neurologic condition that can significantly impact the quality of life. There are three major primary headache disorders: migraine, cluster, and tension-type headache, and they are differentiated based on clinical criteria outlined in the International Classification of Headache Disorders. The key to optimizing treatment is identifying the appropriate headache phenotype with a detailed history, physical, and neurologic examination. Headache treatment can consist of both non-pharmacologic and pharmacologic treatment measures. Non-pharmacologic treatment includes lifestyle modifications, physical therapy, cognitive-behavioral therapy, biofeedback-assisted relaxation, or acupuncture. Pharmacologic approaches to management of headache pain include oral medications, which can be abortive and/or prophylactic. For resistant headaches, injections or surgery may be considered.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEssentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Subtitle of host publicationMusculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9780323549479
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018


  • Cluster headache
  • Headache
  • Migraine
  • Migraine headaches
  • Tension-type headache

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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