Histone deacetylases (HDACs) remove the acetyl groups from the lysine residues of histone tails, leading to the formation of a condensed and transcriptionally silenced chromatin. HDAC inhibitors (HDACi) block this action and can result in hyperacetylation of histones, leading to a less compact and more transcriptionally active chromatin and thereby, gene expression. Previously, we have shown that HDACi inhibit osteoclast differentiation. However, which genes are transcriptionally activated following hyperacetylation of histones, and lead to the suppression of osteoclastogenesis, has yet to be elucidated. In this study, we show that an HDACi, trichostatin A (TSA), inhibits the receptor activator of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) ligand (RANKL)-stimulated TNF-α production, NF-κB activation, and bone resorbing pit formation, and downregulates c-Fos and NFATc1 in RAW 264.7 cells. Interestingly, expression of antiosteoclastogenic factors CCAAT enhancer binding protein (C/EBP)-β and mitogen-activated protein kinase phosphatase (MKP)-1 was significantly upregulated in TSA-treated, RANKL-stimulated RAW 264.7 cells. These findings suggest that TSA upregulates the expression of C/EBP-β and MKP-1, which may downregulate pro-osteoclastogenic factors and signaling molecules, ultimately suppressing osteoclastogenesis.
- HDAC inhibitors
- Trichostatin A
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
- History and Philosophy of Science