Harderian gland porphyrin, lysosomal and type II 5′-deiodinase rhythms in sprague-dawley and fischer-344 rats kept under chronic long- or short-photoperiod conditions

M. K. Vaughan, G. M. Vaughan, P. C. Chenoweth, A. Menendez-Pelaez, C. Rodriguez, J. P. Chambers, P. A. Hoover, R. J. Reiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. 1. Harderian gland porphyrin concentrations were 1.5-fold higher in Fischer-344 male rats than in Sprague-Dawley male rats and there were no differences due to exposure to LD 14:10 (LP) or LD 10:14 (SP) lighting conditions for 8 weeks in either strain. 2. 2. 24-hr periodic regression analyses of porphyrin concentration detected a significant rhythm in both lighting conditions in both strains, with no differences in acrophase due to lighting conditions. 3. 3. In both strains, porphyrin levels were highest in the late phase-early dark period and fell during the early part of the dark period. 4. 4. Acid phosphatase activity did not vary with time (circadian rhythm), strain or photoperiodic lighting condition. 5. 5. Circadian rhythms in β-glucuronidase, α-mannosidase and hexosaminidase activity were present in some instances, but, probably due to the low amplitude to these rhythms, a consistent effect of strain or housing condition was not found. When 24-hr rhythms were observed in either strain, the acrophase occurred during the afternoon-early evening daylight period. 6. 6. A significant effect of strain on mean values of type II 5′-deiodinase activity was noted in Fischer-344 rats. 7. 7. Significnt rhythms in type II 5′-deiodinase activity were found in both strains exposed to LD 10:14.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)919-924
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry
Volume23
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 1991

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

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