Hallucinogen-like actions of 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine in mice and rats

W. E. Fantegrossi, A. W. Harrington, C. L. Kiessel, J. R. Eckler, R. A. Rabin, J. C. Winter, A. Coop, K. C. Rice, J. H. Woods

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

Few studies have examined the effects of 5-methoxy-N,N- diisopropyltryptamine (5-MeO-DIPT) in vivo. In these studies, 5-MeO-DIPT was tested in a drug-elicited head twitch assay in mice where it was compared to the structurally similar hallucinogen N,N-dimethyltryptamine (N,N-DMT) and challenged with the selective serotonin (5-HT)2A antagonist M100907, and in a lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) discrimination assay in rats where its subjective effects were challenged with M100907 or the 5-HT1A selective antagonist WAY-100635. Finally, the affinity of 5-MeO-DIPT for three distinct 5-HT receptors was determined in rat brain. 5-MeO-DIPT, but not N,N-DMT, induced the head twitch responses in the mouse, and this effect was potently antagonized by prior administration of M100907. In rats trained with LSD as a discriminative stimulus, there was an intermediate degree (75%) of generalization to 5-MeO-DIPT and a dose-dependent suppression of response rates. These interoceptive effects were abolished by M100907, but were not significantly attenuated by WAY-100635. Finally, 5-MeO-DIPT had micromolar affinity for 5-HT2A and 5-HT2C receptors, but much higher affinity for 5-HT1A receptors. 5-MeO-DIPT is thus effective in two rodent models of 5-HT2 agonist activity, and has affinity at receptors relevant to hallucinogen effects. The effectiveness with which M100907 antagonizes the behavioral actions of this compound, coupled with the lack of significant antagonist effects of WAY-100635, strongly suggests that the 5-HT2A receptor is an important site of action for 5-MeO-DIPT, despite its apparent in vitro selectivity for the 5-HT1A receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-129
Number of pages8
JournalPharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior
Volume83
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Drug-discrimination
  • Hallucinogens
  • Head twitch response
  • Serotonin receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Toxicology
  • Pharmacology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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  • Cite this

    Fantegrossi, W. E., Harrington, A. W., Kiessel, C. L., Eckler, J. R., Rabin, R. A., Winter, J. C., Coop, A., Rice, K. C., & Woods, J. H. (2006). Hallucinogen-like actions of 5-methoxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine in mice and rats. Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior, 83(1), 122-129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pbb.2005.12.015