Guidelines for constructing a survey

Cindy Passmore, Alison E. Dobbie, Michael Parchman, James Tysinger

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

85 Scopus citations


Many researchers in family medicine use surveys to gather data from colleagues, learners, and patients on their demographics, personal histories, knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes. Well-written surveys are easy for respondents to complete, gather information accurately and consistently, and obtain data that can be analyzed to answer research questions. All levels of family medicine researchers can follow eight steps to develop surveys that produce useful and publishable results: (1) state the problem or need, (2) plan the project, (3) state the research question, (4) review the literature, (5) develop or adapt existing survey items, (6) construct the survey, (7) conduct pilot tests, and (8) administer the survey. After completing this article, readers should be able to (1) state the appropriate uses of survey instruments as research tools and (2) construct and administer a well-designed survey instrument.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)281-286
Number of pages6
JournalFamily medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 15 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice


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