This study was designed to investigate the long-term effects of transplanted clavicles to the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in juvenile monkeys. Sixteen juvenile female monkeys (Macaca mulatta) were used in this experiment. Eight animals were used as controls and were allowed to grow undisturbed for an 18-month period (group control). Eight animals were divided into two groups and underwent bilateral condylar excision via extraoral vertical ramus osteotomies. Four of these animals had their condylar segments removed and immediately replaced to serve as surgical controls (group condyle). The other four underwent condylar replacement with the sternal end of their clavicles (group SCJ). Standardized lateral cephalometric radiographs with the aid of tantalum bone markers were used to evaluate maxillary and mandibular growth. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to determine the significance of differences between groups. All animals showed good mandibular function and a class I molar relationship following an 18-month evaluation period. Statistical analysis showed there was no significant difference in maxillary or mandibular growth between any of the three groups. The results of this investigation show that the sternal end of the clavicle may be a viable option in mandibular condylar transplant surgery.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery