A homologous series of Au coated iron oxide nanoparticles with hydrodynamic diameters smaller than 60 nm was synthesized with very low Au-to-iron mass ratios, as low as 0.15. The hydrodynamic diameter was determined by dynamic light scattering and the composition by atomic absorption spectroscopy and energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy. Unusually low Au precursor supersaturation levels were utilized to nucleate and grow Au coatings on iron oxide relative to the formation of pure Au nanoparticles. This approach produced unusually thin coatings by lowering autocatalytic growth of Au on Au, as shown by transmission electron microscopy. Nearly all of the nanoparticles were attracted by a magnet, indicating a minimal number of pure Au particles. The coatings were sufficiently thin to shift the surface plasmon resonance to the near infrared with large extinction coefficients, despite the small particle hydrodynamic diameters observed from dynamic light scattering to be less than 60 nm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Mechanics of Materials
- Mechanical Engineering
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering