Graphical methods for three-dimensional rotation of complex axonal arborizations

Lewis B. Haberly, James M. Bower

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Methods are described for 3-dimensional visualization and spatial manipulation of complex axonal arborizations. These methods allow 2-dimensional camera lucida drawings of neuron processes passing through serial sections to be redrawn with an altered viewing perspective without need for a computer. Two methods are described: a method for 90° rotation, and a method for approximating smaller angle rotations. The method for small angle rotation was developed to visualize the spatial relationships between cortical laminae (curved as well as planar) and axon branching patterns.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)75-84
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Methods
Issue number1-2
StatePublished - Jul 1982
Externally publishedYes


  • complex axonal arborizations
  • cortical laminae axon branching patterns
  • three-dimensional visualization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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