Glutathione decreases the pulmonary reimplantation response in canine lung autotransplants

C. L. Bryan, D. J. Cohen, J. A. Dew, J. K. Trinkle, S. G. Jenkinson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


The pulmonary reimplantation response (PRR) is a form of membrane permeability pulmonary edema occurring in lung transplants. The severity of the PRR reflects the quality and duration of lung graft preservation. Free radicals formed during ischemia with reperfusion in the autotransplanted dog lung may play a role in producing PRR. We hypothesized that the addition of reduced glutathione (GSH) to the preservative solution could decrease PRR if hydroperoxides are being formed. Six dogs underwent left lung autotransplantation after the lung was flushed with Euro-Collins solution (EC). These dogs demonstrated radiographic and histopathologic evidence of bilateral pulmonary edema, greatest in the transplanted left lung. They also had increases in lung wet to dry weight (W/D) ratios in both lungs (left, 12.0±0.9; right, 10.1±0.8) as compared with a group of five unmanipulated control animals (left, 6.0±0.5; right, 7.0±0.4). Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentrations were significantly increased in the transplanted left lungs (14±4) from this group as compared with the controls (5±7). Five additional dogs underwent left lung autotransplantation with GSH added to the EC cryopreservation fluid. These animals did not develop histologic or radiographic evidence of pulmonary edema, and W/D ratios as well as MDA concentrations were not different from those in controls. To evaluate the effect of ischemia alone on changes in lung GSH concentrations, ten additional dogs underwent left pneumonectomy. Left lungs were cryopreserved in EC + GSH. In five of the animals, the right lung was removed and preserved in EC alone. In the other five animals, the right lung remained in vivo for 3 h and was then removed. Lung GSH concentrations were doubled after 3 h of ischemia when incubated in EC + GSH compared to in vivo controls and to EC- treated lungs. These data suggest that GSH added to the preservation fluid prevents PRR following transplantation and that lung GSH concentrations actually increase during preservation prior to reimplantation and reperfusion if the lung graft is exposed to GSH in the preservation fluid.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1694-1702
Number of pages9
Issue number6
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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