The purpose of this study was to characterize the mechanisms by which glucose regulates IGF-I gene expression in rat C6 glioma cells and in rat GH3 pituitary adenoma cells. Glucose starvation for periods of 12 to 48 h decreased IGF-I mRNA levels. In contrast, there was no stimulation of IGF-I mRNA by medium glucose between 1 and 25 mM over a 24-h period. Studies with hexoses and glycolytic metabolites suggested that glucose metabolism was required to maintain IGF-I mRNA. Glucose starvation lowered IGF-I mRNA half-life in both C6 and GH3 cells. Protein synthesis inhibition lowered IGF-I mRNA by about 20% in glucose-fed C6 and GH3 cells, while potently increasing IGF-I mRNA in glucose-starved C6 cells and not altering IGF-I mRNA in glucose-starved GH3 cells. Our results suggest that in these tumor cells, IGF-I mRNA stability is reduced by glucose starvation, secondary to a deficiency in intracellular glucose metabolism. Ongoing protein synthesis is not required for this mRNA destabilizing effect in GH3 cells. Rather, in glucose-starved C6 cells, decreased IGF-I mRNA stability may result from the action of a labile protein. (C) 2000 Academic Press.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Mar 16 2000|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology