Glucose intolerance in uremia. Quantification of pancreatic beta cell sensitivity to glucose and tissue sensitivity to insulin

R. A. DeFronzo, J. D. Tobin, J. W. Rowe, R. Andres

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

232 Scopus citations

Abstract

The relative contributions of impaired insulin secretion and of tissue insensitivity to insulin to the carbohydrate intolerance of uremia were investigated in 10 chronically uremic subjects. Two types of glucose-clamp experiments were performed in each patient before and after 10 wk of thrice weekly hemodialysis. In both types the blood glucose concentration was maintained at a constant level by the periodic adjustment of a variable glucose infusion with a negative feedback formula. The hyperglycemic and euglycemic clamp techniques demonstrated tissue insensitivity to insulin to be the dominant carbohydrate defect in uremia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-435
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volume62
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1978
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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