Global Makeup of Cardiothoracic Surgeons as Represented by Our Major Societies and Associations

Barbara C.S. Hamilton, Dang Nguyen, Sean C. Grondin, J. Rafael Sadaba, Patrick O. Myers, Carolyn M. Young, John H. Calhoon, Marc R. Moon, Yolonda L. Colson, Shaf Keshavjee, Tom C. Nguyen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Prior efforts to capture the cardiothoracic surgery community rely on survey data with potentially biased or low response rates. Our goal is to better understand our community by assessing the membership directories from The Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS), American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS), European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS), and Asian Society for Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery (ASCVTS). Methods: Membership data were obtained from membership directories. Data for STS and EACTS were supplemented by the associations from their internal databases. The inclusion criterion was active membership; trainees and wholly incomplete profiles were excluded. Results: A total of 12 053 membership profiles were included (STS, 6365; EACTS, 3661; AATS, 1495; ASCVTS, 532). Membership is 7% female overall (EACTS, 9%; STS, 6%; AATS, 5%; ASCVTS, 3%), with a median age of 57 years (STS, 60 years; EACTS, 52 years). All societies had a broad scope of practice including members who practiced both adult cardiac and thoracic (20% overall), but most members practiced adult cardiac (31% overall; ASCVTS, 48%; AATS, 36%; EACTS, 30%; STS, 28%) and were in the late stage of their careers. Conclusions: We present the makeup of our 4 major societies. We are global with a diversity of careers but concerning factors that require immediate attention. The future of our specialty depends on our ability to evolve, to promote the specialty, to attract trainees, and to include and promote female surgeons. It is crucial that we wake up to these issues, change the narrative, and create action on both individual and leadership levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1052-1060
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Surgery


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