Ginger supplementation does not increase energy expenditure in female adults

Jenneffer Rayane Braga Tibaes, Lais Bhering Martins, Ana Maria dos Santos Rodrigues, Matheus Henrique Alves Amaral, Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Adaliene Versiani Matos Ferreira

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Food components with thermogenic properties are promising antiobesity agents. Ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) bioactive compounds have a capsaicin-like vanillyl portion, which has been attributed to thermogenic effect in previous experimental studies. However, studies conducted in humans have evaluated only the acute thermogenic effect of ginger, and demonstrated contradictory results. We evaluated the effect of long-term consumption of dry ginger extract on the resting energy expenditure (REE) of female adults with high body adiposity. Methods: This is a secondary analysis of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial (NCT02570633). Participants age 18 to 60 y were randomly assigned into two groups: Intervention (600 mg of ginger extract daily) and placebo (cellulose). The intervention lasted 3 mo. Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure, and REE were assessed at each visit. Results: A total of 66 female participants with high body adiposity were included in the analysis (mean age: 29 y [range, 20–55 y]; body mass index: 23.3 ± 2.7), with 30 participants in the ginger group and 36 in the placebo group. There were no significant differences in baseline characteristics between the groups. No differences were observed for group × time interaction on REE. Body composition and blood pressure followed the same pattern (all P > 0.05). Conclusions: Ginger extract consumption for 3 mo did not change the REE, anthropometric, and clinical data of female adults with excess adiposity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number111803
JournalNutrition
Volume103-104
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Body composition
  • Ginger
  • Resting energy expenditure
  • Thermogenesis
  • adiposity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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