Context: Acromegaly is usually sporadic, but familial cases occur in association with several familial pituitary tumor syndromes. Recently mutations in the aryl hydrocarbon receptor interacting protein (AIP) gene were associated with familial pituitary adenoma predisposition. Objective: The objective of the study was to investigate the status of AIP in a pituitary tumor predisposition family. Settings: The study was conducted at a nonprofit academic center and medical centers. Patients: Eighteen members of a Brazilian family with acromegaly were studied. Results: A novel germline mutation in the AIP gene, Y268X, predicted to generate a protein lacking two conserved domains, was identified in four members of this family: two siblings with early-onset acromegaly; a third, 41-yr-old sibling with a microadenoma but no clinical features of disease, and his 3-yr-old son. No changes were found in 14 unaffected at-risk relatives or 92 healthy controls. Conclusions: We confirm the role of the AIP gene in familial acromegaly. This finding increases the spectrum of molecular defects that can give rise to pituitary adenoma susceptibility. Establishment of genotype-phenotype correlations in AIP mutant tumors will determine whether AIP screening can be used as a tool for clinical surveillance and genetic counseling of families with pituitary tumor predisposition. The underlying basis for the phenotypic variation within AIP-mutant families and the mechanism of AIP-mediated tumorigenesis remain to be defined.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical