Modern genome analysis and phylogenomic methods have increased the number of fungal species, as well as enhanced appreciation of the degree of diversity within the fungal kingdom. In this context, we describe a new Parengyodontium species, P. americanum, which is phylogenetically related to the opportunistic human fungal pathogen P. album. Five unusual fungal isolates were recovered from five unique and confirmed coccidioidomycosis patients, and these isolates were subsequently submitted to detailed molecular and morphological identification procedures to determine identity. Molecular and morphological diagnostic analyses showed that the isolates belong to the Cordycipitaceae. Subsequently, three representative genomes were sequenced and annotated, and a new species, P. americanum, was identified. Using various genomic analyses, gene family expansions related to novel compounds and potential for ability to grow in diverse habitats are predicted. A general description of the genomic composition of this newly described species and comparison of genome content with Beauveria bassiana, Isaria fumosorosea and Cordyceps militaris shows a shared core genome of 6371 genes, and 148 genes that appear to be specific for P. americanum. This work provides the framework for future investigations of this interesting fungal species.
- Comparative genomics
- Opportunistic fungal pathogen
- Parengyodontium americanum
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