Genome-wide identification of Chlamydia trachomatis antigens associated with tubal factor infertility

Allison K. Rodgers, Nicole M. Budrys, Siqi Gong, Jie Wang, Alan Holden, Robert S. Schenken, Guangming Zhong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


Objective: To identify Chlamydia trachomatis antigens that can be used to differentially diagnose tubal factor infertility in comparison with previously reported heat shock protein 60. Design: In vitro study. Setting: Academic medical center. Patient(s): Infertile women with and without tubal pathology diagnosed laparoscopically. Intervention(s): None. Main Outcome Measure(s): Antibody responses to C. trachomatis in infertile women with or without tubal pathologies using a C. trachomatis genome-wide proteome array. Result(s): Comparison of the antibody profiles revealed 30 C. trachomatis antigens that were preferentially recognized in women with tubal factor infertility, with a detection sensitivity and specificity of 80.6% and 56.5%, respectively, 10 of which showed 100% specificity. A combination of CT443 and CT381 antigens yielded the highest detection sensitivity (67.7%) while maintaining 100% specificity. Conclusion(s): These findings have demonstrated that antibodies to CT443 and CT381, when used in combination, have higher sensitivity and specificity in predicting tubal factor infertility than other indicators for tubal factor infertility, such as heat shock protein 60 antibodies (35.5%, 100%) or hysterosalpingogram (65%, 83%). Using a panel of C. trachomatis antigens to serologically diagnose tubal factor infertility can save the patients from undertaking expensive and invasive procedures for determining tubal pathology and choosing treatment plans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-721
Number of pages7
JournalFertility and sterility
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 2011


  • Chlamydia trachomatis
  • Tubal factor infertility
  • heat shock protein 60
  • outer membrane protein complex B

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Reproductive Medicine


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