Genetics is Involved in Everything, but not Everything is Genetic

R. G. Ramos, K. Olden

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


With the evolution of molecular biology, specifically genetics, it appeared that finally science would provide the long-sought answers to health disparities and disproportionate burdens of poor health outcomes among humans. However, it has been found that there are even more questions today regarding identifying the genetic sources of risk for human disease. This article brings together the current evidence regarding the contribution of individual genetic variability toward the risk of developing chronic disease: But it is emphasized that the risk is not absolute; it is relative. In other words, genetic predisposition is not a guarantee that you will develop a disease; it only raises the likelihood that you will.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationEncyclopedia of Environmental Health
PublisherElsevier Inc.
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)9780444522726
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Disease
  • Disparities
  • Environment
  • Gene
  • Genomics
  • Genotype
  • Phenotype
  • Polymorphisms
  • Prevention
  • Public health
  • Risk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)


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