Genetic variants in toll-like receptor 4 gene and their association analysis with estimated glomerular filtration rate in Mexican American families

Farook Thameem, Sobha Puppala, Vidya S. Farook, Balakuntalam S. Kasinath, John Blangero, Ravindranath Duggirala, Hanna E. Abboud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aim: Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) is one of the regulators of the innate immune response. Genetic variations in TLR4 have been associated with inflammatory diseases, including type 2 diabetes. However, to our knowledge, there are no reports on the role of variations in TLR4 in chronic kidney disease susceptibility. The objective of this study is to determine whether the genetic variants in TLR4 are associated with the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), a measure of renal function. Methods: To evaluate the association between TLR4 variants and eGFR, we used data obtained from 434 Mexican American participants from the San Antonio Family Diabetes/Gallbladder Study. GFR was estimated using the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease formula. The Asp(299)Gly (rs4986790) and Thr(399)Ile (rs4986791) variants of TLR4 were genotyped using the TaqMan assay. Association analyses between genotypes and eGFR were performed using the measured genotype approach. Results: Of the two genetic markers examined for association, only the Asp(299)Gly variant of TLR4 exhibited a nominally significant association with eGFR (p = 0.025) after accounting for the covariate effects of age and sex terms, diabetes, duration of diabetes, systolic blood pressure, body mass index, and antihypertensive treatment. Carriers of Gly299 had significantly decreased eGFR values. Although, the Thr(399)Ile variant failed to exhibit a statistically significant association with eGFR, the carriers of Ile399, however, showed a trend towards decrease in eGFR. Conclusion: We show for the first time that Asp(299)Gly variants of TLR4 are associated with decrease in renal function in Mexican Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalCardioRenal Medicine
Volume6
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2016

Keywords

  • Asp(299)Gly
  • Estimated glomerular filtration rate
  • Mexican Americans
  • Thr(399)Ile
  • Toll-like receptor 4
  • rs4986790
  • rs4986791

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Urology

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