Genetic organization of the duplicated vap region of the Dichelobacter nodosus genome

M. E. Katz, C. L. Wright, T. S. Gartside, B. F. Cheetham, C. V. Doidge, E. K. Moses, J. I. Rood

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32 Scopus citations


The recombinant plasmid pJIR318 contains a fragment of the Dichelobacter nodosus genome which is associated with virulence. Sequence analysis of the pJIR318 insert has shown that it contains four vap (virulence-associated protein) genes which are homologous to open reading frames found on the Escherichia coli F-plasmid and the Neisseria gonorrhoeae cryptic plasmid (M. E. Katz, R. A. Strugnell, and J. I. Rood, Infect. and Immun. 60:4586-4592, 1992). The plasmid pJIR318 hybridizes to three regions of the D. nodosus genome, each of which has now been isolated. Regions 1 and 3 were found to be adjacent in the genome of D. nodosus A198, and the order of the vap genes in vap regions 1 and 2 was shown to be identical. Partial sequence analysis and Southern blot analysis of the vap regions showed that the three regions probably arose by a duplication event(s) followed by insertions and/or deletions. A recombinant plasmid, pJIR749, was isolated from a library of a benign D. nodosus strain, 305. This plasmid contained sequences from both ends of vap region 2. Analysis of pJIR749 showed that the sequences on either side of vap region 2 were separated by 324 bp in the genome of benign strain 305 and that the orientations of the sequences were different. It is clear that a simple insertion or deletion event did not generate the benign and virulent strains studied. A model which describes the evolution of the duplicated vap regions in D. nodosus A198 is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2663-2669
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of bacteriology
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Molecular Biology


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