Genetic interactions between HNT3/Aprataxin and RAD27/FEN1 suggest parallel pathways for 5′ end processing during base excision repair

James M. Daley, Thomas E. Wilson, Dindial Ramotar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mutations in Aprataxin cause the neurodegenerative syndrome ataxia oculomotor apraxia type 1. Aprataxin catalyzes removal of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) from the 5′ end of a DNA strand, which results from an aborted attempt to ligate a strand break containing a damaged end. To gain insight into which DNA lesions are substrates for Aprataxin action in vivo, we deleted the Saccharomyces cerevisiae HNT3 gene, which encodes the Aprataxin homolog, in combination with known DNA repair genes. While hnt3Δ single mutants were not sensitive to DNA damaging agents, loss of HNT3 caused synergistic sensitivity to H2O2 in backgrounds that accumulate strand breaks with blocked termini, including apn1Δ apn2Δ tpp1Δ and ntg1Δ ntg2Δ ogg1Δ. Loss of HNT3 in rad27Δ cells, which are deficient in long-patch base excision repair (LP-BER), resulted in synergistic sensitivity to H2O2 and MMS, indicating that Hnt3 and LP-BER provide parallel pathways for processing 5′ AMPs. Loss of HNT3 also increased the sister chromatid exchange frequency. Surprisingly, HNT3 deletion partially rescued H2O2 sensitivity in recombination-deficient rad51Δ and rad52Δ cells, suggesting that Hnt3 promotes formation of a repair intermediate that is resolved by recombination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)690-699
Number of pages10
JournalDNA Repair
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 4 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aprataxin
  • Ataxia oculomotor apraxia type 1
  • Base excision repair
  • DNA ligase
  • DNA repair
  • Oxidative DNA damage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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