Fanconi anemia (FA) is an inherited chromosomal instability syndrome characterized by bone marrow failure, myelodysplasia (MDS), and acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Eight FA proteins associate in a nuclear core complex to monoubiquitinate FANCD2/FANCI in response to DNA damage. Additional functions have been described for some of the core complex proteins; however, in vivo genetic proof has been lacking. Here we show that double-mutant Fancc -/-;Fancg-/- mice develop spontaneous hematologic sequelae including bone marrow failure, AML, MDS and complex random chromosomal abnormalities that the singlemutant mice do not. This genetic model provides evidence for unique core complex protein function independent of their ability to monoubiquitinate FANCD2/FANCI. Importantly, this model closely recapitulates the phenotypes found in FA patients and may be useful as a preclinical platform to evaluate the molecular pathogenesis of spontaneous bone marrow failure, MDS and AML in FA.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology