Genetic disorders that alter early events in tooth development may be limited in their phenotypes to the dentition or compromise the development of other ectodermal organs, as in syndromes. This chapter provides a concise overview of dental genetic malformations that offer early evidence of undiagnosed syndromic or systemic conditions of bone and mineral. The most common disorder with dentin malformations is autosomal dominant (AD) osteogenesis imperfecta (OI), which is caused by defects in the genes that encode type I collagen. Metabolic diseases of bone are disorders of bone remodeling that characteristically involve the entire skeleton, and are often manifest in the oral cavity, which can lead to the diagnosis of the underlying systemic disease. Hypophosphatasia (HPP) is caused by loss of function mutation of the skeletal alkaline phosphatase. The classic oral presentation of childhood hypophosphatasia is premature loss of fully-rooted deciduous teeth.
- Genetic craniofacial disorders
- Metabolic bone diseases
- Oral cavity
- Oral manifestations
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)