Gene transfer and gene mapping in mammalian cells in culture

Thomas B. Shows, Alan Y. Sakaguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ability to transfer mammalian genes parasexually has opened new possibilities for gene mapping and fine structure mapping and offers great potential for contributing to several aspects of mammalian biology, including gene expression and genetic engineering. The DNA transferred has ranged from whole genomes to single genes and smaller segments of DNA. The transfer of whole genomes by cell fusion forms cell hybrids, which has promoted the extensive mapping of human and mouse genes. Transfer, by cell fusion, of rearranged chromosomes has contributed significantly to determining close linkage and the assignment of genes to specific chromosomal regions. Transfer of single chromosomes has been achieved utilizing microcells fused to recipient cells. Metaphase chromosomes have been isolated and used to transfer single-to-multigenic DNA segments. DNA-mediated gene transfer, simulating bacterial transformation, has achieved transfer of single-copy genes. By utilizing DNA cleaved with restriction endonucleases, gene transfer is being employed as a bioassay for the purification of genes. Gene mapping and the fate of transferred genes can be examined now at the molecular level using sequence-specific probes. Recently, single genes have been clones into eucaryotic and procaryotic vectors for transfer into mammalian cells. Moreover, recombinant libraries in which entire mammalian genomes are represented collectively are a rich new source of transferable genes. Methodology for transferring mammalian genetic information and applications for mapping mammalian genes is presented and prospects for the future discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)55-76
Number of pages22
JournalIn Vitro
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 1980
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • DNA restriction fragments
  • gene expression
  • gene mapping
  • gene transfer
  • recombinant vectors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science

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