Gene expression dynamic analysis reveals co-activation of Sonic Hedgehog and epidermal growth factor followed by dynamic silencing

Vahed Maroufy, Pankil Shah, Arvand Asghari, Nan Deng, Rosemarie N.U. Le, Juan C. Ramirez, Ashraf Yaseen, W. Jim Zheng, Michihisa Umetani, Hulin Wu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aberrant activation of the Sonic Hedgehog (SHH) gene is observed in various cancers. Previous studies have shown a “cross-talk” effect between the canonical Hedgehog signaling pathway and the Epidermal Growth Factor (EGF) pathway when SHH is active in the presence of EGF. However, the precise mechanism of the cross-talk effect on the entire gene population has not been investigated. Here, we re-analyzed publicly available data to study how SHH and EGF cooperate to affect the dynamic activity of the gene population. We used genome dynamic analysis to explore the expression profiles under different conditions in a human medulloblastoma cell line. Ordinary differential equations, equipped with solid statistical and computational tools, were exploited to extract the information hidden in the dynamic behavior of the gene population. Our results revealed that EGF stimulation plays a dominant role, overshadowing most of the SHH effects. We also identified cross-talk genes that exhibited expression profiles dissimilar to that seen under SHH or EGF stimulation alone. These unique cross-talk patterns were validated in a cell culture model. These cross-talk genes identified here may serve as valuable markers to study or test for EGF co-stimulatory effects in an SHH+ environment. Furthermore, these cross-talk genes may play roles in cancer progression, thus they may be further explored as cancer treatment targets.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1358-1372
Number of pages15
JournalOncotarget
Volume11
Issue number15
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 14 2020

Keywords

  • Epidermal growth factor
  • Gene expression dynamics
  • Gene regulatory network
  • Pathway cross-talk
  • Sonic Hedgehog

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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