Gene by smoking interaction: Evidence for effects on low-density lipoprotein size and plasma levels of triglyceride and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol

Stefan A. Czerwinski, Michael C. Mahaney, David L. Rainwater, John L. Vandeberg, Jean W. MacCluer, Michael P. Stern, John Blangero

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    12 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    We seek to determine whether significant gene X smoking interaction effects exist on plasma triglyceride (TG) levels, HDL cholesterol (HDL-C) level, and median LDL particle diameter (LDL-MPD) in Mexican American families enrolled in the San Antonio Family Heart Study. The sample consisted of 1,392 individuals distributed in 42 extended pedigrees, ranging in age from 16 years to 92 years. Separate quantitative genetic analyses were carried out for TG and HDL-C level and LDL-MPD using a maximum-likelihood-based variance decomposition approach while simultaneously adjusting for age and sex. Initial heritability estimates demonstrated significant (p < 0.001) additive genetic contributions to all three traits (h2 range 0.50-0.54). To test for a gene X smoking interaction, we included in the model additional smoking-status-specific variance terms and a genetic correlation term between smokers and nonsmokers. Comparisons of nested models revealed significant evidence (p < 0.01) for a gene X smoking interaction effect on TG level and LDL-MPD and possible evidence for an effect on HDL-C level. These results indicate that the gene or suite of genes regulating each of these phenotypes is likely the same in smokers and non-smokers but that smoking may alter the expression of genes, particularly those influencing TG level and LDL-MPD.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)863-876
    Number of pages14
    JournalHuman Biology
    Volume76
    Issue number6
    StatePublished - Dec 2004

    Keywords

    • Atherosclerosis
    • Cholesterol levels
    • Gene X environment interaction
    • Gene expression
    • Mexican Americans
    • Smoking
    • Triglyceride levels

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
    • Genetics
    • Genetics(clinical)

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