GDP dissociation inhibitor prevents intrinsic and GTPase activating protein-stimulated GTP hydrolysis by the Rac GTP-binding protein

Hsien Chuang Tsung Hsien Chuang, X. Xu, U. G. Knaus, M. J. Hart, G. M. Bokoch

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The majority of the GTP-binding proteins of the Ras superfamily hydrolyze GTP to GDP very slowly. A notable exception to this are the Rac proteins, which have intrinsic GTPase rates at least 50-fold those of Ras or Rho. A protein (or proteins) capable of inhibiting this GTPase activity exists in human neutrophil cytosol. Since Rac appears to exist normally in neutrophils as a cytosolic protein complexed to (Rho)GDI, we examined the ability of (Rho)GDI to inhibit GTP hydrolysis by Rac. (Rho)GDI produced a concentration- dependent inhibition of GTP hydrolysis by Rac1 that paralleled its ability to inhibit GDP dissociation from the Rac protein. Maximal inhibition occurred at or near equimolar concentrations of the GDI and the Rac substrate. The ability of two molecules exhibiting GTPase activating protein (GAP) activity toward Rac to stimulate GTP hydrolysis was also inhibited by the presence of (Rho)GDI. The inhibitory effect of the GDI could be overcome by increasing the GAP concentration to levels equal to that of the GDI. (Rho)GDI weakly, but consistently, inhibited GTPγS (guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate) dissociation from Rac1, confirming an interaction of (Rho)GDI with the GTP- bound form of the protein. These data describe an additional activity of (Rho)GDI and suggest a mechanism by which Rac might be maintained in an active form in vivo in the presence of regulatory GAPs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)775-778
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1993


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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